What is a sensory integration dysfunction?

What is a sensory integration dysfunction?

What is a sensory integration dysfunction and how can you treat it?

SID is a complex neurological disorder, manifested by difficulty detecting, modulating, discriminating or integrating sensation adaptively. SID causes children to process sensation from the environment or from their bodies in an inaccurate way, resulting in “sensory seeking” or “sensory avoiding” patterns or ‘dyspraxia,” a motor planning problem, or commonly a combination of these.

Some signs of sensory integrative dysfunction

  • Oversensitivity to touch, movement, sights, sounds
  • Under reactivity to touch, movement, sights, sounds
  • Specific learning difficulties/ delays in academic achievement
  • Difficulties in making transition from one situation to another
  • Tendency to be easily distracted/limited attention
  • Activity level that is unusually high/low
  • Social and/or emotional problems
  • Difficulty learning new movements
  • Delays in speech, language and motor skills
  • Physical clumsiness or apparent carelessness
  • Impulsivity, lacking in self control
  • Inability to unwind or calm self
  • Poor self concept/body awareness

All children may display some of these behaviours at times. Children may display these traits for reasons other than sensory integrative needs. However, if several of these concerns are noted over a period of time an evaluation may be warranted. A paediatric therapist can assist parents in deciding whether an evaluation is needed.


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